The Eureka Centre
The magnificent new Eureka Stockade centre, in Ballarat, stands on the site of one of the most significant events in Australian history - the Eureka Rebellion. In December 1854, Ballarat's miners took up arms against a corrupt and unjust goldfields administration. After years of oppression, the bloody battle that followed led to the birth of true democracy in Australia. Now, as Australia considers its political future, the new Eureka Stockade centre provides a dramatic focus for contemplation and reflection.
December 2004 marks the 150th anniversary of the struggle at the Eureka Stockade. It is a story of a group of diggers from around the world who defended their rights and liberties, took concerted action and helped build Australian democracy. Eureka was a defining moment in Australia's history that left a legacy of freedom, social democracy and cultural diversity. It provided many of the foundations on which contemporary Australian society is built. Next to Gallipoli, Eureka is Australia's most talked about armed struggle.
American writer Mark Twain visited Ballarat in the mid 1890s and described Eureka in this way:
"It was a revolution - small in size, but great politically; it was a strike for liberty, a struggle for principle, a stand against injustice and oppression... it is another instance of a victory won by a lost battle."
It is timely for Eureka 150 to commemorate the historic events of Eureka in a forward-looking, contemporary way, enabling us to reflect on its lasting and universal relevance as we build a contemporary Australia that is diverse, inclusive, tolerant and just. The program brought together here seeks to promote and inform discussion about Eureka and its legacy.
The Victorian State Government and City of Ballarat would like to respectfully acknowledge the traditional owners of the land on which the commemorative events of Eureka 150 take place.
1853 Bendigo Goldfields Petition
The 1853 Bendigo Goldfields Petition was presented to the State Library of Victoria by Melbourne collector Dr. John Chapman in 1988. At 13 metres in length and bound in green silk, the Petition is considered to be in remarkably fine condition. The Petition, of over 5,000 signatures, was long thought lost. Its discovery is of particular value to historians and genealogists investigating the history of social and political events during the period of gold discovery in Victoria.
Eureka Pages on Public Record Office of Victoria
Eureka Pages on the Public Record Office of Victoria website.
Eureka on "Defending Victoria"
Eureka Page by Ian MacFarlane
Eureka Items including Arrests & Witnesses by Jenny Fawcett
State Library of Victoria
Go to the State Library of Victoria website and search their on-line catalogue and databases for Eureka items.
Eureka Flag at Ballarat Fine Art Gallery
Ballarat Fine Art Gallery is the current home for the Eureka Flag.
Eureka Website from Australian Museums Online
The Eureka website is a joint project between staff at the Ballarat Fine Art Gallery and the University of Ballarat, Visual Arts Department.
HANRAHAN, Michael; at Eureka
Michael Hanrahan was born in Ireland in 1829. He was one of seven children born to Thomas Hanrahan and his wife Bridget (formerly Heath) of Scalpnagoon, County Clare. Their children were John, Bridget, Maura, Margaret, Patrick, Michael and Thomas.
Life on the Goldfields
State Library of Victoria: The Life on the Goldfields Virtual Exhibition lets you understand the world of the diggers at the time of the Petition. Material taken from the State Library's rich collections of paintings, postcards, books, maps, theatre posters and diaries will illustrate the journey to the diggings, life under canvas, making new "chums" and entertainment on the goldfields, as well as mining techniques and the impact on the land
SHEEDY, Patrick; at Eureka
Article by Jenny Fawcett on Patrick SHEEDY who was arrested after Eureka in Ballarat.
Eureka Items & Stories
There are a number of significant items on the Ballarat Heritage Services website including: "Deaths at Eureka", "Drummer Boy", "Eureka Deaths", "Story of Eureka" as well as publications available.
Hereticpress Eureka Links
BENTLEY Family & Eureka
Catholics at the Eureka Stockade
The 150th Anniversary of the Eureka Stockade, A descendants view
Michael Tuohy One of 13 found not Guilty of Treason
Some of the Characters and some of the Issues including aborigines on the goldfield
Though this work is not original, I have stated re-formatting Rafaello Carboni's EurekaStockade for the Internet